CNC Machining

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CNC Machining & Engraving

What is 2D Profile Machining?

2D CNC Profile Machining is removing material with either a cutting or engraving toolpath. This also includes 2.5D machining usually associated with V-carving toolpaths.The machine is guided via the machine data file. The data is created using a pre-processor or toolpathing software. Vector based curves are loaded into this software and different tools are assigned depending on the type of cut required.

What is a vector?

A vector is a line or curve that can be scaled parametrically without loosing any quality or becoming distorted. These file types are usually named as .dxf or .svg file formats.

More commonly known file formats such as .jpeg, .bmp, and .png are associated with photos and pictures and are built from pixels. When scaled larger they become pixelated or blocky and the image is no longer recognizable. These file types maybe used for certain machining processes such as laser engraving an image but are not suitable for calculating toolpaths for cutting, v-carving and engraving with a CNC machine.

Design Part in CAD Software


Create a vector (.dxf)


Create the toolpaths in CAM


Cut Part on CNC Machine


What is 3D Machining?

3D Machining usually is used to create more abstract geometry and organic forms where surfaces have to follow smooth continuous curves and shapes. It is created with both a roughing toolpath to remove the bulk of the material. Then a finishing toolpath to remove the remaining material, leaving behind a clean finish that requires minimal sanding or finishing.


What is Laser Diode Engraving?

Laser Diode Engraving uses a blue / purple laser that runs at low voltage and produces a fine cone of light. They are similar to those found in DVD or Blue Ray players. The laser is mounted on a XY axis with linear movement. The speed and power of the laser is adjusted depending on the cut or engraving. A photo maybe loaded into the software which turns it into a grayscale image that is engraved on to the surface of a wooden sheet.

Machine Size

The Machine bed size is 270mm x 300mm (A4 sheets will fit).

We are able to laser engrave on to a range of different wooden materials such as:

  • Solid Wood
  • Plywood
  • MDF

We also are able cut through certain materials like:

  • Paper (various thicknesses)
  • Cardboard
  • Foam sheet (2mm, 3mm, 4mm, 5mm)
  • Cloth

We are NOT able to use reflective or metalic materials, plastics are not suitable because of the poisonous gases that are produced when they are heated.

Maximum sheet thickness is 25mm.


Have a Question?

About these Services


Our 2D Profile machining service is tailored towards low volume part manufacturing and profile cutting.

We offer a variety of cutting and engraving services depending on our customers requirements.

“One offs” or custom products, where customers require the manufacture of parts for a specific project or the reproduction of an existing part.

Signage, we are able to produce or re-produce signs, corporate branded products, logo engraving with high precision and quality.

If you have any questions why not drop us line!


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